Stewardship and Cultural Memory Organizations in the Digital Age was the subject at the Friday Afternoon Seminar (UC Berkeley School of Information) held by Clifford Lynch on September 12th, 2008.


  • Digital content
    • Files
    • Database records
    • Games
  • Stewardship
    • Objectives
    • Roles
    • Responsibilities

Cultural Memory Organizations[]


  • Royal collections → national collections
  • Printing, publishing, copyright
    • More techniques (~mid 19th c.): photography, audio recording


  • focused on exhibitions
    • ↔ similarity and difference in collections
      • easier with surrogates/replicates
      • cf. publication of parts of manuscripts in different collections worldwide
  • projects possible due to digitization
  • Importance of interoperability and standards
  • Collections and limited institutional knowledge + role of "outsiders"

Replication, Digitization, Surrogates[]

  • 2-, 3-dimensional
  • Negatives as sets of pictures depending on technology for copy (exposure, contrast, material ...)
  • Digitization (+publication) as part of stewardship


  • Cultural Memory Organizations
  • Museums
    • interpretative role of scholars ↔ complexity/abundance/interdependence of cultural reality/context
      • validation/evaluation/review of data/information from sources outside museums (outsiders, visitors, private collectors, Web 2.0 collaboration = outside of scholarly expertise)
      • using experience from Wikipedia (no specific role by affiliation to traditional "knowledge" organizations like cultural memory organizations or universities) for validation/evaluation/review process:[3]
        1. Data/Information (from outsider) ⇒ Museum
        2. How do you know? ⇐ Museum (asks outsider)
        3. Repeat if necessary, documentation of origin (reference)
    • accessibility of collections and information about collections
    • connecting existing information


External links[]